Top 10 African Countries That Are In Debt To China.

An estimated 20 percent of African governments’ external debt is owed to China, according to the Jubilee Debt Campaign, a charity that wants the debts of developing countries to be written off.

Here are 10 African countries that are in debt to China.

10. Nigeria

The most recent summary of Nigeria’s external debt stock published by the Debt Management Office shows that at the end of March 2019, Nigeria owed China about $3.2 billion. In fact, of Nigeria’s total debt of $81 billion, Nigeria owes more money to China than any other country it is indebted to, according to Bloomberg.

9. The Democratic Republic of Congo

China’s debts in Africa are mostly located in resource-rich countries, and this is the case with the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country has an estimated debt of $3.4 billion owed to China.

8. Ghana

Ghana has an estimated debt of $3.5 billion that it owes to China. The West African country has been one of the fastest-growing economies globally, growing at between 6 and 8 percent in recent years. In November 2019, China announced that it will finance $2 billion worth of rail, road and bridge networks in Ghana, and in exchange, China will be granted access 5 percent of Ghana’s reserves of bauxite.

7. Cameroon

Cameroon’s total debt owed to China stands at almost $5.7 billion according to figures from the Autonomous Sinking Fund, the public entity that manages Cameroon’s external debt. Around $78 million of that amount was written off in 2019 — money that should have been paid in 2018 but which Cameroon failed to pay.

6. Zambia

China has provided billions of dollars of loans for infrastructure projects in African countries as part of its Belt and Road initiative in recent years, with Zambia one of its most prominent debtors. Zambia’s external debt, estimated to be 35 percent of its GDP, reached nearly $10bn in 2018, up from $1.9bn in 2011. Around $6 billion of that is estimated to be Chinese debt.

5. Sudan

The Chinese government has financed efforts to extract Sudanese oil and also contributed to major developmental projects in the country. In 2018, Sudan’s total debt to China was estimated at $10 billion.

4. Congo

In May 2019, China agreed to restructure the debt owed by the Republic of Congo as an International Monetary Fund’s precondition to assisting with funding. Congo’s external debt to China is estimated at $2.73 billion, according to a report by the French Embassy in Congo.

3. Kenya

Kenya owes China an estimated $7.9 billion in debt — having funded infrastructure projects across the East African country. China is reportedly guilty of aggressive loans with terms that favor the Chinese government unfairly.

2. Ethiopia

Beijing also accounts for nearly half of Ethiopia’s external debt and has lent at least $13.7 billion to Ethiopia between 2000 and 2018, according to data compiled by John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Chinese funds have contributed to a $3.4 billion railway project connecting Ethiopia to Djibouti, and the construction of Ethiopia’s first six-lane highway, the metro system, and a number of skyscrapers in Addis Ababa, Politico reports.

1. Angola

Angola’s debt owed to China currently stands at $22.8 billion, with recent direct investments including an assembly plant for fishing vessels, an aluminum factory, and a brewery, according to Bloomberg. Despite Angola being the second-largest producer of oil in Africa, most of its precious natural resource is going towards the repayment of Chinese debts.

Angola is so indebted that at the last estimate, every Angolan owes $754 to China.









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  7. Reply

    Nicely done

  8. Profile photo ofChukwuebuka



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  17. Reply

    Much respect for China

  18. Reply

    Lol, Nigeria must join

  19. Reply

    Thank you China for lending us when we didn’t have

  20. Reply

    China really has many resources to readily allow so many countries to be indebted to them.
    This was enlightening

  21. Reply

    All these countries should try and bail themselves out

  22. Reply

    Nigeria should try and clear their debts otherwise China would come for them

  23. Reply

    Good to know that my country Nigeria owes a lot 😂

  24. Reply

    Nice info

  25. Reply

    Nice piece

  26. Reply

    Nigeria is first on the list oh

  27. Reply

    China would soon buy the whole African countries

  28. Reply

    Ah Nigeria ohhh
    And the painful thing is that they are still collecting more.
    They should just find a way to settle these debt already

  29. Reply

    A very nice post
    This article is really amazing

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