Abeokuta has not always been the abode of the Egbas. Before they made it their home, a rebellious event that would forever change their lives occurred.
It is said that the Egbas are warriors.
It was between 1775 and 1780, under the leadership of one Lisabi who was a resident of Igbehin but was born in Itoku.
At the time, the Egba people were under the sovereignty of the Alaafin of Oyo Empire.
Lisabi organized an insurgent group and disguised it as something else: A traditional mutual aid society.
He would later use the insurgent society, in1890, to free the Egbas by simultaneously killing all the collectors of tribute representing the Alaafin in all the Egba settlement.
Over six hundred of them were wiped out in one day.
Upon hearing the news, the Alaafin dispatch an Army to crush the rebellion. But the Egba people knew beforehand that the response from the headquarters won’t be otherwise.
They defeated Alaafin’s Army in the Egba forest and established their freedom.
However, the unity among them was not strong enough to sustain their unifying force. And it was this lack of cooperation that made it possible for them to be routed during the Yoruba wars.
Thus, it happened that between 1825 and 1830, when the Egba people could no longer withstand the frequent attacks of the slave hunters from Ibadan and Dahomey,
The Egba people, on the directives of the Ifa Oracle, was led by chief Shodeke on an exodus to the western side of what is known as Olumo Rock.
The Egba people speaks North-West Yoruba (NWY) dialect of the Yoruboid languages which belong to the larger Niger-Congo language phylum.
Apart from Egba people of Abeokuta, NYW dialect is also spoken in Ibadan, Ọyọ, Ogun, and Lagos (Eko) areas.
Traditional Attire
Men :
Trousers, kembe/Sokoto
Top, Buba, and Agbada
Cap, Fila (a beti aja)
Women :
Wrapper, Iro
Top, Buba
Headgear, Gele
Other: Ipele – Piece of cloth placed on the shoulder or wrapped around the waist
Lafu, (White Amala) and Ewedu soup; badan
Geographical location and economy
Abeokuta is situated in the fertile country of wooded savanna, the surface of which is broken by masses of grey granite.
It is spread over an extensive area, being surrounded by mud walls 18 miles in extent.
Palm-oil, timber, rubber, yams, rice, cassava, maize, cotton, other fruits, and shea butter are the chief trading products.
It is a key export location for cocoa, palm products, fruit, and kola nuts.
Both rice and cotton were introduced by the missionaries in the 1850′s and have become integral parts of the economy, along with the dye indigo.
It lies below the Olumo Rock, home to several caves and shrines. The town depends on the Oyan River Dam for its water supply.
Abeokuta is the headquarters of the Federal Ogun-Oshin River Basin Authority, which is responsible for the development of land and water resources for Lagos, Ogun, and Oyo states.
Included in this are irrigation, food-processing, and electrification.
Local industries include but are not limited to fruit canning plants, plastics, breweries, sawmills, and an aluminum products factory. South of town is the Aro Granite Quarries.


  1. Reply


  2. Reply

    Good to know

  3. Reply


  4. Reply

    Good town

  5. Reply


  6. Reply

    This is really good and interesting to know

  7. Profile photo ofSommycruz


    Nice one

  8. Reply

    nice to hear

  9. Reply


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  11. Reply

    These are amazing people

  12. Reply

    Thanks for this update

  13. Reply

    Thanks for sharing

  14. Reply

    Where e dey

  15. Reply

    Good article

  16. Reply

    Nice one…never heard of this place

  17. Reply

    Very interesting

  18. Profile photo ofcelestine


    Good article

  19. Reply

    Great indeed

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    Jumboearn life saving platform, thanks for the opportunity

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  23. Reply

    very good

  24. Profile photo ofSIRMUSTY


    good to no

  25. Reply

    Very good

  26. Reply


  27. Reply

    Thanks for sharing

  28. Reply


  29. Reply

    What a history

  30. Reply

    Good sharing

  31. Reply

    Nice article

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