The History of Catholic Church

The History of Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, sometimes referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2018.As the world’s oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilization. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration is the Holy See.

Emblem of the Holy See
Catholic Church
Latin: Ecclesia Catholica
Saint Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City
Classification
Catholic
Scripture
Bible
Theology
Catholic theology
Polity
Episcopal[1] Structure
Communion
Pope
Francis
Administration
Roman Curia
Particular churches
sui iuris
Latin Church, and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches
Dioceses
Archdioceses: 640
Dioceses: 2,851
Parishes
221,700
Region
Worldwide
Language
Ecclesiastical Latin and native languages
Liturgy
Western and Eastern
Headquarters
Vatican City
Founder
Jesus, according to
sacred tradition
Origin
1st century
Holy Land, Roman Empire[2][3] Members
1.329 billion (2018) (baptized)[4] Clergy
Bishops: 5,304
Priests: 415,656
Deacons: 45,255
Hospitals
5,500[5] Primary schools
95,200[6] Secondary schools
43,800
Official website
Holy See
The Christian beliefs of Catholicism are found in the Nicene Creed. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission,[9][10][note 1] that its bishops are the successors of Christ’s apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.[13] It maintains that it practises the original Christian faith, reserving infallibility, passed down by sacred tradition. The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.

Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.

The church teaches that through consecration by a priest the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Catholic Church as Mother of God and Queen of Heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions. Its teaching includes Divine Mercy, sanctification through faith and evangelization of the Gospel as well as Catholic social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.

The Catholic Church has influenced Western philosophy, culture, art, and science. Catholics live all over the world through missions, diaspora, and conversions. Since the 20th century the majority reside in the southern hemisphere due to secularization in Europe, and increased persecution in the Middle East.

The Catholic Church shared communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the pope. Before the Council of Ephesus in AD 431 the Church of the East also shared in this communion, as did the Oriental Orthodox churches before the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451, all separating primarily over differences in Christology. In the 16th century, the Reformation led to Protestantism also breaking away.

From the late 20th century, the Catholic Church has received criticism from some for its teaching on sexuality, its lack of female priests, as well as the handling of sexual abuse cases involving clergy.

41 Comments

  1. Reply

    Good

  2. Reply

    This is cool

  3. Reply

    Wow, very impressive

  4. Reply

    Wow

  5. Profile photo ofSIRMUSTY

    Reply

    nice article

  6. Reply

    Nice article

  7. Reply

    Wow, this is mind blowing.

  8. Reply

    Catholic church got a lot of history.

  9. Reply

    The mother of all other churches I’m proud to be a Catholic

  10. Reply

    great piece

  11. Reply

    There’s much here that we didn’t know about. Lovely piece

  12. Reply

    Very interesting writeup

  13. Reply

    Good write up

  14. Reply

    Love this content, Catholic church is so great

  15. Reply

    This is nice

  16. Reply

    Great

  17. Reply

    Good write up

  18. Reply

    good one

  19. Reply

    I think this is one of the best i have seen so far

  20. Reply

    Nice

  21. Reply

    Nice

  22. Reply

    Ok

  23. Reply

    Nice write up

  24. Reply

    Catholic to the world

  25. Reply

    Nice info

  26. Reply

    Nice information

  27. Reply

    Proud Catholic…catholic till I die

  28. Reply

    Nice one

  29. Reply

    This is enlightening. I am a catholic but I don’t even have an idea of most things written here.
    Thank you so much for such an amazing write up

  30. Reply

    Catholic is the mother of all

  31. Reply

    Catholic church is the first church that has kept us United till date

  32. Reply

    Nice info

  33. Reply

    Interesting

  34. Reply

    Nice exposure

  35. Reply

    Nice info

  36. Reply

    Oldest church so far

  37. Reply

    Wow. That’s cool

  38. Reply

    A very nice post
    This article is really amazing

  39. Reply

    Wonderful

  40. Reply

    Interesting

  41. Reply

    Good

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