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How to get rid of puffy eyes

 

Periorbital edema is the proper term for “puffy eyes.” It refers to swelling in the area around the eyes, known as the eye orbit. But what causes periorbital edema and how might it be treated?

People can have periorbital edema in one or both eyes. When a person has periorbital edema, inflammation around the eye causes fluid to build up. It is this buildup of fluid that gives the eye orbit a puffy appearance.

Treatments for periorbital edema are dependent on the cause. This article explores the various causes and treatments for periorbital edema.

Fast facts on periorbital edema:

The term refers to inflammation or puffiness around the eyes.
There are many different causes of the condition from health to lifestyle.
It is not in itself serious and is usually temporary.
What is periorbital edema?

Periorbital edema may affect one or both eyes.
Image credit: Klaus D. Peter, 2008
Periorbital edema is not the same as having bags under the eyes, which is a natural part of aging. Instead, it is a health condition and is normally temporary.

Numerous different causes may lead to inflammation around the eyes, and they all result in a fluid buildup. It is the fluid buildup that gives the eye orbit a swollen appearance.

For some people, periorbital edema may come on slowly. This type of periorbital edema is described as chronic. For others, it may come on quickly and it is then referred to as acute.

Treatment options

Whatever the cause of periorbital edema, the following treatments may help to reduce swelling:

Cutting down salt intake: A salty diet can increase the amount of fluid a person retains. A low-salt diet can help to reduce fluid retention in the body, including around the eyes.
Drinking more water: Staying hydrated can help to reduce fluid retention, which can help reduce any fluid buildup around the eyes.
Using a cold compress: Cooling the affected areas with a cold compress can help to reduce the inflammation. These are available to purchase online.
Corticosteroids: This type of medication can be applied as cream to the skin or taken as a tablet. It helps to reduce inflammation throughout the body, including around the eyes.
Anti-inflammatory medication: Medicine such as ibuprofen may be taken orally or applied to the skin. This helps to reduce inflammation throughout the body, including around the eyes.
Other treatments available for periorbital edema are specific to the cause. These include:

Antihistamines: These help to reduce swelling around the eyes if it is caused by an allergic reaction.
Adrenaline or epinephrine: This emergency treatment helps reduce extreme swelling caused by an anaphylactic shock.
Antibiotics: These may help reduce swelling around the eyes if it is caused by an infection.
What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of periorbital edema may include swelling around the eye, double vision, and being sensitive to the light.
The symptoms of periorbital edema include:

mild to severe inflammation around the eye orbit
double or blurred vision caused by eye puffiness
redness around the eye, alongside swelling
bulging of the eyeball
the white of the eye appearing inflamed
excess tears being produced
the eye appearing bruised
the eyelids being pushed back by inflammation
being sensitive to light
pain around the eye or pain when moving the eye
itchiness around the eye
Anaphylactic shock

If swelling around the eye is accompanied by other facial swelling or difficulty breathing, this may be anaphylactic shock.

Anaphylactic shock is an extreme allergic reaction and is a medical emergency. A person experiencing anaphylactic shock needs emergency medical treatment.

If a person thinks this may be the case, they should call emergency services without delay.

Acute infection

Periorbital edema may be caused by an acute infection. If a person has an acute infection, they may experience additional symptoms. These include:

fever
feeling unwell
nausea
vomiting
tender lymph nodes (glands)
Causes

Causes can be grouped into the following types:

medical
natural
lifestyle
Medical

Medical causes of periorbital edema include:

mononucleosis
allergic reactions
skin disorders
thyroid diseases
periorbital cellulitis
Chagas disease
nephrotic syndrome
trichinosis
problems with tear ducts
conjunctivitis
eye injury
sinusitis
Natural

Some things that are a natural part of life may cause swelling around the eyes. These include:

Crying: When a person cries, their tears may irritate around the eyes. This may lead to swelling.
Aging: As a person ages their body expels more water throughout the day. This can lead to the body trying to retain more fluid, causing swelling around the eyes.
Lifestyle

Lifestyle causes of periorbital edema include:

Irregular sleep: Getting too much or too little sleep may cause a person’s body to retain fluid.
Eating too much salt: Having a diet that is high in salt can make the body retain more fluid.
Drinking too much alcohol: Alcohol can cause dehydration. When a person drinks lots of alcohol frequently, it may cause fluid retention.
Smoking: Cigarette smoking can cause hormonal imbalances. This may lead to fluid retention.

How is it diagnosed?

A doctor may carry out a blood test to help diagnose periorbital edema.
If a person thinks they may have periorbital edema, they should speak to a doctor. A doctor can help to diagnose the underlying cause.

Tests that a doctor may carry out include:

blood tests
allergy tests
skin biopsy
imaging tests
First, the doctor will examine the affected area. Then, they may ask general health and lifestyle questions to establish a cause. Depending on the suspected cause, the doctor may then carry out a series of tests.

Takeaway

Often, home remedies or over-the-counter treatments help to reduce symptoms of periorbital edema.

Sometimes periorbital edema has a more serious underlying cause. A doctor can help to diagnose this and recommend appropriate treatment.

If a person suspects swelling around the eyes is caused by an anaphylactic shock, they should seek emergency medical treatment.

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30 Comments

  1. Reply

    interesting

  2. Reply

    Informative

  3. Reply

    God bless you for the time you brought to share this with us

  4. Reply

    Nice

  5. Reply

    Good post

  6. Reply

    Good sharing

  7. Reply

    Good info

  8. Reply

    Nice one

  9. Reply

    Nice information

  10. Reply

    Nice

  11. Reply

    Good

  12. Reply

    Good one

  13. Reply

    Nice

  14. Reply

    Good to know

  15. Reply

    Puffy eyes can be very embarrassing.
    This is a very helpful update

  16. Reply

    Good

  17. Reply

    Puffy eye are very embarrassing..

  18. Reply

    Interesting information thanks for sharing with us

  19. Reply

    Whenever I didn’t get enough rest at night, I would have puffed eyes and it can be every embarrassing, to step out.

  20. Reply

    It can be very embarrassing

  21. Reply

    Good write up

  22. Profile photo ofItz Kvng Twitch

    Reply

    Very interesting

  23. Reply

    Thanks for sharing

  24. Reply

    How to reduce puffy eyes includes reduced salt intake, increased intake of water ,the use of Corticosteroids, Antioxidants, antibiotics, adrenaline, anti inflammatory medications and also Antihistamines

  25. Reply

    Noted

  26. Reply

    Jumboearn is the best

  27. Reply

    Great Article

  28. Reply

    Nice
    Thanks for sharing

  29. Reply

    Thanks for sharing

  30. Reply

    I believe what causes this puffy eyes 👁 is lack of sleep (not enough sleep)

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