How Bronchiectasis Is Treated
treatment is to control lung infections, promote the drainage of excessive secretions, and prevent complications. This may involve antibiotics, expectorants, and several different techniques and procedures.
The multi-strategy/multi-goal approach to treating this form of obstructive lung disease is due to its repetitive cycle, in which the airways abnormally widen, causing inflammation and the pooling of mucus. That mucus then blocks the airways, prompting an accumulation of bacteria that causes infection (and, therefore, more inflammation)—and on and on. Each of these elements of the condition may need to be addressed.
Proper and immediate treatment of lung infections is important, as it decreases the chance of
Certain lifestyle changes can be adopted that may be useful when paired with medications and therapies. Some may also help prevent in the first place.
Depending on your physical abilities,to be very helpful in improving lung function with
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs can help you get back on your feet and moving again in the safety of a doctor’s office, with medical help nearby should you need it. Ask your doctor about starting pulmonary rehabilitation and incorporating light exercise, such as walking or yoga, into your daily or weekly routine.
Eating Adequate Calories
and COPD (and the medications used to treat these conditions) can reduce your appetite and cause fatigue, making you less interested in food. In addition, labored breathing takes energy that you might not be eating enough calories to sustain.
Talk to your doctor or a nutritionist about ways to combat this, and try eating six to eight smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day that are rich in whole grains, fruit, and vegetables.
Maximizing your intake of foods with a high antioxidant level, such as dark leafy greens, berries, and citrus fruit, may boost your immune system to help you fight off further infections.
In addition, incorporating more plant-based fats such as avocado, olives, coconut, and nuts and seeds can help improve your energy levels.
Avoiding Respiratory Irritants
Respiratory irritants can exacerbate symptoms of . and and are three steps that you can take to help prevent or hinder its progression.
There are many quitting aids that you can try if you’re not ready to go cold turkey. If you need help, be sure to discuss this with your doctor, since they can help guide you as well as prescribe quitting aids.
In addition, you can make changes to avoid other lung irritants. For example, to ingest less air pollution, try exercising in parks as opposed to, say, running on a sidewalk next to a busy road. If you must regularly walk near a busy street, try to do so before or after rush hour.
Annual Flu Shot
not only help prevent the flu, but they can also help prevent the Ask your healthcare provider what you can do about getting your annual flu shot. Often, local drugstores offer a flu vaccine in the fall and winter months.
Pneumonia Vaccine patients are at higher risk of pneumonia, so getting the pneumonia vaccine can help reduce your chances of contracting the infection. If you’re younger than 65 and have a lung condition, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends getting the vaccine once, then again in two doses when you’re over age 65.
Two forms of chest physiotherapy may be helpful in treating bronchiectasis, especially when combined with other treatment methods.
Postural drainage is an that uses gravity to help drain mucus from certain parts of the lungs. Postural drainage may be used with other forms of chest physiotherapy to further loosen secretions so that they can be expelled from the airways easier.
Chest Percussion and Vibration
Along with postural drainage, percussion and vibration help further mobilize and loosen secretions, making it easier for them to be expelled from the airways. Percussion and can be performed either by using your hands or by using a manual percussive device.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Therapies
Expectorants are OTC medications that can help loosen mucus, making it easier for it to be expelled from the airways through coughing. In other words, it makes coughs more efficient.
Common brand-name are Robitussin and (both have as the active ingredient). Look for syrup or tablet forms at your local drugstore.
The primary medications used in the treatment of are antibiotics, which treat the infection, and which open the airways to make breathing easier. may also be used to break up mucus secretions.
Used to treat many different types of bacterial infections, antibiotics are commonly used to treat lung infections that are associated with since bacteria often infect the bronchi.
Antibiotics must be prescribed by your doctor. However, whether antibiotics will be beneficial depends on the cause of as well as its severity and acuity and your history of infections, including what kinds of bacteria have been or are present. As a result, before antibiotics are started, a thorough evaluation by your doctor is required. They can be given orally (by mouth) or intravenously (through a vein), or can be inhaled via a machine.
To avoid be sure to take the entire course of antibiotics—even if you start to feel better before you use them all up.
Antibiotics can sometimes cause side effects, such as gastrointestinal issues, but you can some of these reactions (such as by eating more -rich foods like and yogurt, taking a during and after your course of treatment, or drinking ginger tea).