Brief history of palm-tree in nigeria

Brief history of palm-tree in nigeria

Humans used oil palms as far back as 5,000 years. In the late 1800s, archaeologists discovered a substance that they concluded was originally palm oil in a tomb at Abydos dating back to 3,000 BCE.[5] It is believed that traders brought oil palm to Egypt.[citation needed]

Palm oil from E. guineensis has long been recognized in West and Central African countries, and is widely used as a cooking oil. European merchants trading with West Africa occasionally purchased palm oil for use as a cooking oil in Europe.

Palm oil became a highly sought-after commodity by British traders for use as an industrial lubricant for machinery during Britain’s Industrial Revolution.[6]

Palm oil formed the basis of soap products, such as Lever Brothers’ (now Unilever) “Sunlight” soap, and the American Palmolive brand.[7]

By around 1870, palm oil constituted the primary export of some West African countries, although this was overtaken by cocoa in the 1880s with the introduction of colonial European cocoa plantations.[8][9]

Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit[44] or coconut oil derived from the kernel of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The differences are in color (raw palm kernel oil lacks carotenoids and is not red), and in saturated fat content: palm mesocarp oil is 49% saturated, while palm kernel oil and coconut oil are 81% and 86% saturated fats, respectively. However, crude red palm oil that has been refined, bleached and deodorized, a common commodity called RBD (refined, bleached, and deodorized) palm oil, does not contain carotenoids.[14] Many industrial food applications of palm oil use fractionated components of palm oil (often listed as “modified palm oil”) whose saturation levels can reach 90%;[45] these “modified” palm oils can become highly saturated, but are not necessarily hydrogenated.

The oil palm produces bunches containing many fruits with the fleshy mesocarp enclosing a kernel that is covered by a very hard shell. The FAO considers palm oil (coming from the pulp) and palm kernels to be primary products. The oil extraction rate from a bunch varies from 17 to 27% for palm oil, and from 4 to 10% for palm kernels.[46]

Along with coconut oil, palm oil is one of the few highly saturated vegetable fats and is semisolid at room temperature.[47] Palm oil is a common cooking ingredient in the tropical belt of Africa, Southeast Asia and parts of Brazil. Its use in the commercial food industry in other parts of the world is widespread because of its lower cost[48] and the high oxidative stability (saturation) of the refined product when used for frying.[49][50] One source reported that humans consumed an average 17 pounds (7.7 kg) of palm oil per person in 2015.[51]

Many processed foods either contain palm oil or various ingredients made from it.

After milling, various palm oil products are made using refining processes. First is fractionation, with crystallization and separation processes to obtain solid (palm stearin), and liquid (olein) fractions.[53] Then melting and degumming removes impurities. Then the oil is filtered and bleached. Physical refining[clarification needed] removes smells and coloration to produce “refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil” (RBDPO) and free fatty acids,[clarification needed] which are used in the manufacture of soaps, washing powder and other products. RBDPO is the basic palm oil product sold on the world’s commodity markets. Many companies fractionate it further to produce palm oil for cooking oil, or process it into other products

34 Comments

  1. Reply

    Good information

  2. Reply

    Good article

  3. Reply

    Very interesting

  4. Reply

    Nice

  5. Reply

    Nice article

  6. Reply

    Good

  7. Reply

    Nice

  8. Reply

    Nice article

  9. Reply

    Cool

  10. Reply

    Nyx article

  11. Reply

    This is a nice info

  12. Reply

    informative

  13. Reply

    Good update

  14. Reply

    Nice update

  15. Profile photo ofSommycruz

    Reply

    Amazing

  16. Reply

    Good to know

  17. Reply

    Palm tree has a great history

  18. Reply

    Good

  19. Reply

    Thanks for sharing

  20. Reply

    Cool

  21. Reply

    This is really good and interesting to know

  22. Reply

    Okay

  23. Reply

    Very interesting

  24. Reply

    Palm fruit is quite common in the Eastern regions.
    There are a lot of products to be made out of palm fruits, that’s what makes it really unique

  25. Reply

    Good

  26. Reply

    Interesting article

  27. Reply

    Palm fruits are really helpful and has many benefits

  28. Reply

    This is awesome

  29. Reply

    This was enlightening to me

  30. Reply

    Nice post,thanks for sharing

  31. Reply

    Very interesting

  32. Reply

    Tnks for this

  33. Reply

    Interesting

  34. Reply

    This is interesting

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